Key National Security Legislation 2019-2020
Richard R. Lugar and Ellen O. Tauscher Act to Maintain Limits on Russian Nuclear Forces
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Reps. Eliot Engel (D-NY-16), Michael McCaul (R-TX-10)
PURPOSE: Sense of Congress that the United States should extend the New START Treaty from its initial termination date of February 2021 to February 2026 as provided for article XIV in the treaty. If the treaty expires without an extension, the President is required to provide Congress why the treaty was allowed to expire. There is also a requirement for certain reports and briefings to Congress.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: May 7, 2019
COSPONSORS: None as of May 18, 2019
The Prevention of Unconstitutional War with Iran Act (S. 1039)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Sens. Tom Udall (D-NM), Dick Durbin (D-IL), Rand Paul (R-KY)
PURPOSE: To prohibit the United States from expending funds which could lead to war with Iran without express approval from Congress, as required by the Constitution.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: April 4, 2019
Preservation of Arms Control Treaties (PACT) Act (S. 705)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Sen. Chris Van Hollen (D-MD)
PURPOSE: To prohibit the use of funds to take any action that would constitute a violation of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty for the duration of the six-month withdrawal period from the INF Treaty.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: March 7, 2019
AFGHAN Service Act: American Forces Going Home After Noble Service Act (S.J. Res. 12)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Sens. Rand Paul (R-KY), Tom Udall (D-NM)
PURPOSE: A joint resolution to withdraw all United States Armed Forces from Afghanistan.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: March 4, 2019
Saudi Nuclear Nonproliferation Act (S. 612/ H.R. 1471)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Sens. Edward Markey (D-MA), Marco Rubio (R-FL); Reps. Brad Sherman (D-CA-30), Ted Yoho (R-FL-03)
PURPOSE: A bill to require a joint resolution of approval for the entry into effect of a civilian nuclear cooperation agreement with Saudi Arabia.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Feb. 28, 2019
Repeal of Public Law 107-40, AUMF (H.R. 1274)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA-13)
PURPOSE: Repeal the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) and force a debate on our endless wars around the world.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Feb. 14, 2019
Resolution to Hold Saudi Nuclear Deal to a Higher Standard (S.Con.Res.2/ H.Con.Res. 23)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Sens. Jeff Merkley (D-OR), Rand Paul (R-KY), Ed Markey (D-MA); Reps. Andy Levin (D-MI-09), Justin Amash (R-MI-03)
PURPOSE: A concurrent resolution expressing the sense of Congress that any United States-Saudi Arabia civilian nuclear cooperation agreement must prohibit the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from enriching uranium or separating plutonium on its own territory, in keeping with the strongest possible nonproliferation “gold standard.”
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Feb. 12, 2019 Senate; Feb. 28, 2019 House
Hold the LYNE (Low-Yield Nuclear Explosive) Act (H.R. 1086/S.401)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Rep. Ted Lieu (D-CA-33); Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA)
PURPOSE: To prohibit the research and development, production, and deployment of the Trident D5 low-yield nuclear warhead.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Feb. 7, 2019
PREVENTION OF ARMS RACE ACT OF 2019 (S. 312/H.R. 1231)
ORIGINAL SPONSOR(S): Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR); Rep. Lois Frankel (D-FL-21)
PURPOSE: Prohibits funding for the procurement, flight-testing, or deployment of a U.S. ground-launched or ballistic missile – with a range of between 500 and 5,500 kilometers – until the Trump Administration provides a report that meets seven specific conditions.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Jan. 31, 2019 (Senate); Feb. 14, 2019 (House)
NO FIRST USE ACT (S. 272/H.R. 921)
ORIGINAL SPONSOR(S): Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA); Rep. Adam Smith (D-WA-09)
PURPOSE: To establish in law that it is the policy of the United States not to use nuclear weapons first.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Jan. 30, 2019
Resolution to Remove U.S. Armed Forces From Hostilities in Yemen That Have Not Been Authorized By Congress (S.J. Res. 7/ H.J. Res. 37)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Chris Murphy (D-CT), Mike Lee (R-UT); Rep. Ro Khanna (D-CA-17)
PURPOSE: A joint resolution to direct the removal of United States Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen that have not been authorized by Congress.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Jan. 30, 2019
ACTION: House bill approved 248-177, Feb. 13, 2019; Senate bill approved 54-46, March 13, 2019
RESTRICTING FIRST USE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS ACT (S. 200/H.R. 669)
ORIGINAL SPONSOR(S): Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA); Rep. Ted Lieu (D-CA-33)
PURPOSE: To prohibit U.S. President from launching a nuclear first strike without a declaration of war by Congress.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Jan. 24, 2019 in Senate, Jan. 17, 2019 in House