Key National Security Legislation 2019-2020
Resolution to Hold Saudi Nuclear Deal to a Higher Standard (S. Con.Res.2)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Sens. Jeff Merkley (D-OR), Rand Paul (R-KY), Ed Markey (D-MA)
PURPOSE: A concurrent resolution expressing the sense of Congress that any United States-Saudi Arabia civilian nuclear cooperation agreement must prohibit the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from enriching uranium or separating plutonium on its own territory, in keeping with the strongest possible nonproliferation “gold standard.”
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Feb. 12, 2019
Hold the LYNE (Low-Yield Nuclear Explosive) Act (H.R. 1086/S.401)
ORIGINAL SPONSORS: Rep. Ted Lieu (D-CA-33), Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA)
PURPOSE: To prohibit the research and development, production, and deployment of the Trident D5 low-yield nuclear warhead.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Feb. 7, 2019
PREVENTION OF ARMS RACE ACT OF 2019 (S. 312)
ORIGINAL SPONSOR(S): Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
PURPOSE: Prohibits funding for the procurement, flight-testing, or deployment of a U.S. ground-launched or ballistic missile – with a range of between 500 and 5,500 kilometers – until the Trump Administration provides a report that meets seven specific conditions.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Jan. 31, 2019
NO FIRST USE ACT (S. 272/H.R. 921)
ORIGINAL SPONSOR(S): Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA); Rep. Adam Smith (D-WA-09)
PURPOSE: To establish in law that it is the policy of the United States not to use nuclear weapons first.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Jan. 30, 2019
RESTRICTING FIRST USE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS ACT (S. 200/H.R. 669)
ORIGINAL SPONSOR(S): Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA); Rep. Ted Lieu (D-CA-33)
PURPOSE: To prohibit U.S. President from launching a nuclear first strike without a declaration of war by Congress.
DATE OF INTRODUCTION: Jan. 24, 2019 in Senate, Jan. 17, 2019 in House