Robert K. Musil – Chair
Rachel Carson Council
Jules Zacher – Vice Chair
Timothy Brennan – Secretary
Lorin Walker – Treasurer
Board of Directors
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Nicholas Paul Clark
Deceased Laurie T. Dewey
Rep. Harold P. Naughton, Jr. (Hank)
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from the 12th Worcester District
Georgetown University Law Center
National Advisory Board
Margaret E. Gage
Former U.S. Senator
John H. Johns
Brigadier General, USA (Ret.)
Col. Richard Klass
US Air Force (Ret.)
Robert K. Musil
Robert K. Musil, PhD, MPH, is the President and CEO of the Rachel Carson Council (RCC), the legacy organization envisioned by Rachel Carson and founded in 1965 after her death by her closest friends and colleagues. The RCC promotes the environmental health issues and ethics espoused by Carson including the dangers posed by nuclear weapons, power, and wastes. Musil is also a Senior Fellow and Adjunct Professor with the Center for Congressional and Presidential Studies at American University where he teaches environmental and national security politics. Dr. Musil was Executive Director and CEO of the Nobel Peace Prize-winning Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) and its Director of Policy and Programs from 1992-2006. He is a graduate of Yale and Northwestern Universities and the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and has been a Visiting Honorary Fellow at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and of Pembroke College, Cambridge University. He is a Woodrow Wilson Visiting Fellow and frequent lecturer on college campuses.
Dr. Musil specializes in contemporary global security, sustainability, and health issues, as well as Cold War history, culture, and policy. He is the author of Hope for a Heated Planet: How Americans Are Fighting Global Climate Change and Building a Better Future (Rutgers University Press, 2009) and Rachel Carson and Her Sisters: Extraordinary Women Who Have Shaped America’s Environment (Rutgers, 2014).
A long-time leader of the peace, nuclear disarmament, and environmental movements, Dr. Musil has also been Executive Director of the Professionals’ Coalition for Nuclear Arms Control, the SANE Education Fund, the Center for National Security Studies Military Affairs Project, and CCCO: An Agency for Military and Draft Counseling. He is a former Army Captain who taught communications and policy at the Defense Information School, Ft. Benjamin Harrison, Indiana. Dr. Musil initiated PSR’s opposition to the war in Iraq in 2003 and has been central to campaigns for the CTBT, NPT, and other arms control measures.
From 1978-1992, Dr. Musil was the Executive Producer and host of “Consider the Alternatives” a half-hour weekly radio program syndicated to over 150 stations with 2-3,000,000 listeners. He has been the producer of numerous ground-breaking independent video documentaries and public radio documentary series including “Shadows of the Nuclear Age: American Culture and the Bomb”; “Mushrooms: Nuclear War and the Imagination” hosted by Colleen Dewhurst; and “War in Space: The Debate over Star Wars” hosted by Ed Asner. Dr. Musil is two-time winner of the Armstrong Award for Excellence in Radio Broadcasting.
Aron Bernstein is Professor of Physics Emeritus at MIT where he has been on the faculty since 1961. He has taught a broad range of physics courses from freshman to graduate level. His research program has been in nuclear and particle physics, with an emphasis on studying the basic symmetries of matter, and currently involves collaborations with University and government laboratories, and colleagues in many countries.
Since 1969 he has been active in the area of nuclear arms control. His teaching has included seminars on the nuclear arms race with Phillip Morrison, co-organizing a recent student seminar on nuclear proliferation, and being the advisor to a student group on arms control.
Professor Bernstein chaired a Federation of American Scientists chapter at MIT and the MIT Faculty Disarmament Study Group and actively spoke out against the “star wars” anti-ballistic missile program from its inception. He worked with Henry Kendall and the Union of Concerned Scientists over a period of years, and continues to work with U.C.S. in its efforts to educate Congress on issues of arms control.
Professor Bernstein is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association of Scientists. He has been awarded John Simon Guggenheim and Humboldt Senior Research Fellowships.
Timothy L. Brennan is currently the Senior Counsel at the Hartford Financial Services Group in Hartford Connecticut. Prior to his current position, Tim was special assistant to the General Counsel from 2001 to early 2002 and worked on various issues relating to the events of September 11, 2001
He has also served as a Capital Markets Attorney, a Corporate Attorney, and a Litigation Attorney in Connecticut and New York, and began his career with an internship at the Office of the New York Country District Attorney in 1994 and an externship at the Office of the Saint Louis Country Public Defender in 1995.
In addition, Tim is a long time political service volunteer. Since 1998, he has volunteered at numerous organizations including the Town Council (Town of West Hartford), Friends of Susan, Collins for Congress, Washington University for Clinton/Gore, the Patrick Kennedy for Rhode Island General Assembly and is a founding member of the American Constitution Society (Hartford Chapter)
Timothy is a current member of the Connecticut and New York State Bars as well a Fellow at the American College of Investment Counsel.
He graduated Magna Cum Laude from Providence College in Rhode Island and spent a year abroad studying at Oxford University. He obtained a JD from Washington University School of Law in St. Louis, Missouri in 19.
Paul Castleman is currently Chairman of the Board of Lincoln Technologies, computer software developers for medical research. He is the former President of BBN Advanced Computer, Inc., manufacturer of super-computer multiprocessors.
He is a long-time activist in the nuclear arms-control movement, and serves as Secretary-Treasurer for the Board of Directors of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. He was the founder of the Management Corps for the Emerging East which helped the former Soviet states move towards a market economy.
He was born January 17, 1942 in Boston Massachusetts and graduated from Harvard College in 1964. He is now a resident of San Francisco, California.
Nicholas Paul Clark
Nicholas Paul Clark is the Executive Director and Chief Executive Officer of Alexium International. Under his leadership, Alexium has developed relationships with the commercial sector and the Department of Defense, specifically the United States Army Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center.
Mr. Clark began his career in the Australian Army with the Australian Defense Force and received military medals of commendation and served in Cambodia as a peacekeeper with the United Nations and Malaysia.
Mr. Clark serves on several boards, most notably as the Chairman of the board of trustees for Congressional School and shares a board seat with a number of senior U.S. defense officials, including former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, and Lt. Governor Todd Lamb. He also provides advisory support to Brigadier General Cheney at the American Security Project.
Mr. Clark is a philanthropist and is actively involved in charities in cancer research, and wounded veterans’ programs. He is the recipient of the bronze Stevie® Award as Executive of the Year 2016, which he received at the 14th annual American Business Awards competition in New York city in June 2016.
Mr. Clark holds an MBA and a bachelor’s degree in economics and law with a focus in international foreign policy. He has attended Sydney University and Yale CEO College.
Alice T. Day was born in New York City. She was educated at Smith College (BA, magna cum laude), Columbia University (MA in sociology), and The Australian National University (PhD in sociology). She has held a variety of positions, most recently that of Director of Successful Ageing, A.C.T. (a 3-year federal government project in the Australian Capital Territory). Before that she had been a consultant with both the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Office of Aged Services in the Premier’s Department of the State of New South Wales, and Administrative Officer for the Education of Women and Girls with the Australian Commonwealth Schools Commission. She has also been a Senior Research Associate at the Urban Institute (Washington, DC) and a visiting lecturer at Smith College, an instructor at both the University of Massachusetts and Mount Holyoke College, and an associate professor (adjunct) at Albertus Magnus College (New Haven, CT).
She has written several books, including: Too Many Americans (with Lincoln Day), “We Can Manage”– Expectations about Care and Varieties of Family Support among Persons 75 Years of Age and Over, and Remarkable Survivors. Her other published works include some 30 articles and book chapters on such topics as: aging, the status of women, and population and environment.
In Washington, she is Chair of the Task Force on Environment & Natural Resources, Woman’s National Democratic Club.
Deceased Laurie T. Dewey
Laurie Dewey is an activist and long time supporter of organizations dedicated to arms control and nuclear disarmament. Now retired, Dewey was an owner of an interior design business for twenty years. She is currently a member of the Board of Trustees of the DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park in Lincoln, Massachusetts and a member of the National Advisory Board of the Union of Concerned Scientists.
Katherine Magraw is the former Executive Director of Peace and Security Funders Group. She is responsible for all aspects of the program, budget and staffing of a 75-member association of foundations and philanthropists engaged in the field of peace and security.
Previously, she held positions at the Iraq Policy Information Project, the W. Alton Jones Foundation, the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Magraw also helped to the establish and direct the PeacePAC here at Council for a Livable World and later served as the Assistant Legislative Director for the Council.
Magraw received her BA from Yale College. She holds an S.M and Ph.D in Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Representative Harold P. Naughton, Jr. (Hank)
Representative Harold P. Naughton, Jr. (Hank) is a member of the State Department’s International Security Advisory Board (ISAB), which provides the Department with independent insight and advice on all aspects of arms control, disarmament, international security, security capacity and related aspects of public diplomacy.
Rep. Naughton, a Commissioned Officer in the U.S. Army Reserve, is a veteran of both the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Major Naughton’s military awards include the Combat Action Badge, Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Afghan Campaign Medal with Campaign Star, Iraq Campaign Medal with Campaign Star, Joint Forces Commendation Medal, Army Commendation Medal (2nd Award), Army Achievement Medal, Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal (2nd Award), National Defense Service Medal, Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal, NATO Medal, Army Service Ribbon, Overseas Service Ribbon, Armed Forces Reserve Medal with M/Device, Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal, Presidential Unit Citation (Iraq), Valorous Unit Award (Afghanistan), Joint Meritorious Unit Award (Afghanistan).
Hank is the State Representative for Massachusetts 12th Worcester District and has been a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives since 1995. Rep. Naughton currently serves as the Chairman of the Joint Committee on Public Safety and Homeland Security.
Rep. Naughton holds a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from Assumption College in Worcester, Massachusetts, and earned his Juris Doctor from Suffolk University School of Law in Boston, Massachusetts. During his time at Suffolk, he attended Notre Dame Law School in London, England studying International Human Rights, European Law and Soviet Law. Rep. Naughton began his legal career as an Assistant District Attorney in Worcester County serving from 1992 to 1995. From 1995 to the present, Hank has practiced law in Massachusetts State and several levels of Federal Courts. He currently serves in the US Army Reserve with the 443rd Civil Affairs Battalion in Newport, Rhode Island.
Philip G. Schrag is a Professor of Law at Georgetown University.
During the Carter Administration, he served as the Deputy General Counsel of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and as the Legal Advisor to the U.S. Delegation to the comprehensive test ban (CTB) negotiations.
His twelve books include Listening for the Bomb (1989), a study of the Reagan administration’s response to the CTB verification project of the Natural Resources Defense Council, and Global Action (1992), a study of how Parliamentarians for Global Action forced the nations of the world to pay greater attention to the CTB issue by forcing them to consider proposed amendments to the Limited Test Ban Treaty.
At Georgetown, he directs the Public Interest Law Scholars Program, which provides scholarships and educational enrichment for selected students who want to become lawyers for government agencies and non profit organizations.
Lorin Walker is the daughter of Captain Bruce C. Walker USAF, MIA 1972. In addition to raising her nine year old son and serving as the Business/Operations Manager for The Technical Committee, whose charge it is to manage and oversee Microsoft in its compliance of the antitrust settlement of 2002 in concert with the office of the New York Attorney General and the United States Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, Ms. Walker devotes a significant amount of time to ensuring a nation where there are no more war orphans created for unjust and mismanaged militaristic pursuits.
She has been a congressional intern, served as an at-large delegate to the 2004 DNCC and on the founding Board of Directors for Veterans and Military Families for Progress. In Washington state Ms. Walker serves on the Executive Board for her Legislative District Democratic Party organization and as 2nd Vice-Chair to the state Democratic Party’s Veteran’s Caucus.
Daniel Wirls is a Professor at the University of California at Santa Cruz, Merrill College. He formerly held a position as the Department Chair in Politics for the University of California at Santa Cruz from 2005-2010 and many years ago worked at Council for a Livable World.
He has written three books including, Irrational Security; The Politics of Defense from Reagan to Obama (2010), The Invention of the United States Senate (2004), and Buildup; The Politics of Defense in the Reagan Era? (1992). Wirls contributed chapters to numerous publications including Inside Defense: Understanding U.S. Military Policy in the 21st Century (2008), James Madison: The Theory and Practice of Republican Government (2003), and The Elections of 2000 (2001). Additionally, he published the article “How Was the Cold War Won” in The Non Proliferation Review (March 2010).
Wirls received his B.A. in Political Science from Haverford College. He holds a M.A. and Ph.D from the Department of Government at Cornell University.
Jules Zacher has practiced law since 1974 in state and federal court in Pennsylvania, including work as a trial lawyer in one of the premier personal injury law firms in the nation prior to starting his own firm. He has been active in community affairs in the Greys Ferry area of Philadelphia. He has represented plaintiffs in personal injury lawsuits involving children poisoned by lead paint, workers injured on construction sites, persons injured in motor vehicle accidents, and medical providers not paid by insurance companies.
Significantly, Mr. Zacher has also used various federal statutes to curtail the spread of nuclear weapons. He is currently representing the Center on a lawsuit against the WMD Commission for its failure to comply with the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA). The purpose of the lawsuit is to obtain the documents that the WMD Commission relied upon to reach the numerous conclusions mentioned in its report. These documents may reveal the political pressure placed on various governmental agencies in the run-up to the invasion of Iraq.
Zacher received his law degree at Temple University in 1974 and his master’s degree in economics from Temple in 1970. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Pittsburgh in 1964.
Zacher is married to Yvonne Cook, and they live in Philadelphia. Among his various avocations and pastimes, Jules is an avid tennis player.
Meg Gage is President and Executive Director of Proteus Fund. She founded the Peace Development Fund in 1981 and served as its Executive Director until 1992.
She served as the Executive Director of the Ottinger Foundation from 1992 through 1999 and founded Proteus Fund in 1995. She was awarded the Inaugural Robert W. Scrivner Award in 1986 for Creativity by an Individual Grantmaker. In 1997 she wrote the Funders Handbook on Money in Politics.
Senator Gary Hart
Sen. Gary Hart served as chairman of Council for a Livable World from 2006-2009. He currently is a member of the organization’s Board of Directors.
Since retiring from the United States Senate, Gary Hart has been extensively involved in international law and business, as a strategic advisor to major U.S. corporations, and as a teacher, author and lecturer.
He is currently Wirth Chair Professor at the University of Colorado and Distinguished Fellow at the New America Foundation. For 15 years, Senator Hart was Senior Counsel to Coudert Brothers, a multinational law firm with offices in thirty-two cities located in nineteen countries around the world. He was co chair of the U.S. Commission on National Security for the 21st Century. The Commission performed the most comprehensive review of national security since 1947, predicted the terrorist attacks on America, and proposed a sweeping overhaul of U.S. national security structures and policies for the post-Cold War new century and the age of terrorism.
He was president of Global Green, the U.S. affiliate of Mikhail Gorbachev’s environmental foundation, Green Cross International. He is a founding member of the Board of Directors of the U.S.-Russia Investment Fund; a former member of the Defense Policy Board; and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He was co-chair of the Council task force that produced the report: “America Unprepared-America Still at Risk”, in October, 2002. Senator Hart is currently a member of the National Academy of Sciences task force on Science and Security.
Gary Hart has been Visiting Fellow, Chatham Lecturer, and McCallum Memorial Lecturer at Oxford University, Global Fund Lecturer at Yale University, and Regents Lecturer at the University of California. He has earned a doctor of philosophy degree from Oxford University and graduate law and divinity degrees from Yale University. He was visiting lecturer at the Yale Law School and is the author of fourteen books.
Gary Hart represented the State of Colorado in the United States Senate from 1975 to 1987. In 1984 and 1988, he was a candidate for his party’s nomination for President.
Senator Hart was first elected to the Senate in 1974, having never before sought public office, and was re elected in 1980. During his 12 years in the Senate, he served on the Armed Services Committee, where he specialized in nuclear arms control and was an original founder of the military reform caucus. He also served on the Senate Environment Committee, Budget Committee, and Intelligence Oversight Committee. During his Senate years, he played a leadership role in major environmental and conservation legislation, military reform initiatives, new initiatives to advance the information revolution and new directions in foreign policy. He is widely-recognized as among the first to forecast the end of the Cold War.
Gary Hart travels extensively to the former Soviet Union, Europe, the Far East and Latin America. Beginning in 1988, he was active in negotiating ground breaking joint venture agreements in Russia and has published a book on the former Soviet Union entitled Russia Shakes the World: The Second Russian Revolution (1991).
Senator Hart resides with his family in Kittredge, Colorado.
Lawrence Hess, born 1940, first became interested in war and peace issues – and politics in general – as the Vietnam War heated up in 1964-5, and he has been a stalwart, anti-war progressive ever since.
In the 1960’s Hess was active in the Young Democrats and the ACLU. Both he and his wife Suzanne have been active supporters of the San Diego Peace Resource Center since its inception in 1980, and for several years, he was on the board of directors. Hess is currently on the board of directors of Progressive Majority, and he heads Lehbros Limited, a real estate management firm that owns and operates apartment communities.
He and Suzanne have a married daughter who is a librarian, an unmarried son who is an artist, and an infant grandchild. They married in 1969 and have lived in San Diego since 1975.
John Isaacs is a Senior Fellow at Council for a Livable World and the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation.
Isaacs is one of the leaders of the nation’s arms control community and is a close student on the working of Congress. He has worked for Council for a Livable World since 1978.
His previous work includes serving as: principal foreign affairs legislative assistant to Representative Stephen Solarz (D-NY); legislative representative specializing in foreign policy and defense budget issues for Americans for Democratic Action; and a foreign service officer serving 13 1/2 months in Vietnam.
In addition, Isaacs has also published articles in the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Atlanta Journal, the St. Louis Post Dispatch, the Christian Science Monitor, Nuclear Times, Arms Control Today, American Journal of Public Health and Technology Review.
Isaacs holds a master’s degree from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University and a bachelor’s degree from Dartmouth College.
Dr. John H. Johns
General Johns served 26 years as a combat arms officer, retiring in 1978 as a brigadier general. He served in command positions up to Assistant Division Commander of the 1st Infantry Division and held numerous staff positions, including 8 years on the Army General Staff, culminating his career as Director, Human Resources Development.
In 1960, General Johns began a series of assignments focused on counterinsurgency strategy and doctrine. He was on a committee at the Special Warfare School in 1961 that developed the first Counterinsurgency course, went to Vietnam in 1962, where he was senior advisor to the Vietnam Political Warfare School, and returned to serve in a series of staff positions on the Army General Staff. During these staff positions, General Johns focused on the nation-building role of the U.S. military. His recommendations were distributed as policy guidance for the development of counterinsurgency doctrine and curricula. The one recommendation that was rejected was that U.S. combat forces not be used in counterinsurgency operations in Vietnam; he argued that the U.S. role should be limited to advisory duties. While serving in the office of the army chief of staff, he served on a committee that monitored war crimes committed by U.S. forces in Vietnam.
After retirement and a tour as a deputy assistant secretary of defense, General Johns served for 14 years as a professor of political science at the National Defense University (NDU), where he taught National Security Strategy and National Security Decision-making and regional studies of Latin America. After retiring from NDU in 1996, Dr. Johns taught courses on Ethics and the U.S. Constitution at the Federal Executive Institute until 2005. In October 2001, he taught a one-week ethics course for the 21 senior officers of the Omani Air Force; the fourth day was on international terrorism.
He is currently the Washington Area coordinator for seminars conducted by the National War College Alumni Association. He participates in an internet chat group that focuses on national security issues. The group membership of over 250 consists of scholars, senior retired and active military officers, media representatives, and policymakers throughout the government.
General Johns is a graduate of the Army Command and General Staff College, the National War College, and the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He has masters’ degrees in psychology and international relations, and a doctorate in sociology.
Col. Richard Klass
Colonel Richard Klass. USAF (ret.) is a graduate of the US Air Force Academy, the National War College and Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar. He flew over 200 combat missions in Vietnam and served in the Executive Office of the President as a White House Fellow. His awards include the Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross and Purple Heart.
Priscilla Johnson McMillan is a historian and the author of three critically acclaimed books: The Ruin of J. Robert Oppenheimer; Khrushchev and the Arts:The Politics of Soviet Culture, 1962-1964; and Marina and Lee: The Tormented Love and Fatal Obsession Behind Lee Harvey Oswald’s Assassination of John F. Kennedy. McMillan is known particularly for her work and expertise on U.S. nuclear arms policy, and for being the only person to have known both Lee Harvey Oswald and John F. Kennedy prior to Kennedy’s assassination. McMillan worked for JFK for a time in the mid 1950′s and had interviewed Oswald in Moscow when she was working as a journalist there and he attempted to defect to the Soviet Union in 1959. Known for her meticulous gathering and careful parsing of information from Cold War-era historical events, McMillan is the leading anti-conspiracy theorist among those who have written about the JFK assassination. McMillan received a McArthur Award in 1989 for Research and Writing. She holds a B.A. from Bryn Mawr and a Masters of Russian Studies from Harvard University. McMillan is an associate of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University.
Matthew Meselson is Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of the Natural Sciences at Harvard University and is a member of the Board of Directors of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Kennedy School of Government. He received the Ph.D. in chemistry and physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1957 and was an Assistant Professor of Physical Chemistry at CalTech until he joined the Harvard faculty in 1960, where he teaches and conducts research in molecular genetics.
Since 1963 Dr. Meselson has been interested in chemical and biological defense and arms control and has served as a member of the Arms Control and Nonproliferation Advisory Board to the Secretary of State and as a consultant on CBW matters to various U.S. government agencies. He is co-director of the Harvard-Sussex Program on Chemical and Biological Weapons and co-editor of its quarterly journal, the Chemical Weapons Convention Bulletin. Dr. Meselson is a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Institute of Medicine, the Academia Sanctae Clarae (Genoa), the Academie des Sciences (Paris), the Royal Society (London), and the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Actor Richard Schiff is a 2008 recipient of Council for a Livable World’s Father Robert F. Drinan National Peace and Human Rights Award. He was an outspoken critic of the War in Iraq and a long-time champion of the anti-war movement.
Mr. Schiff is a regular contributor to the London-based Independent on American politics. He has reported and commented for the BBC for both radio and television and writes for the widely-known Huffington Post.
Mr. Schiff has acted in over 50 movies, numerous television programs, and appears on stage in London, New York, and LA. He is best known for his Emmy winning performance as Toby Zeigler, White House Communications Director, on The West Wing.